In 1540, England’s King Henry VIII had his 6-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.
In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was read aloud to Gen. George Washington’s troops in New York.
In 1816, Argentina declared independence from Spain.
In 1850, the 12th president of the United States, Zachary Taylor, died after serving only 16 months of his term. (He was succeeded by Millard Fillmore.)
In 1896, William Jennings Bryan delivered his famous “cross of gold” speech at the Democratic national convention in Chicago.
In 1918, 101 people were killed in a train collision in Nashville, Tennessee. The Distinguished Service Cross was established by an Act of Congress.
In 1938, Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo died in Port Chester, New York, at age 68.
In 1943, during World War II, the Allies launched Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily.
In 1964, United Airlines Flight 823, a Vickers Viscount 745D, crashed in Tennessee during a flight from Philadelphia to Huntsville, Alabama, after a fire broke out on board; all 39 occupants were killed.
In 1974, former U.S. Chief Justice Earl Warren died in Washington at age 83.
In 1986, the Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography released the final draft of its report, which linked hard-core porn to sex crimes.